Motor insurance and Vnuk: “that is probably quite enough from me”

Updated 29 April 2022. The Bill received Royal Assent yesterday. As that was the last sitting day of this Parliamentary session, it’s fair to say that this really went very close to the wire. Under the terms of what is now the Motor Vehicles (Compulsory Insurance) Act 2022, the targeted re-setting of the scope of compulsory motor insurance takes effect automatically in two months.


Yesterday afternoon at 15:59 Lord Robathan moved the final stages of the Vnuk-reforming Motor Vehicles (Compulsory Insurance) Bill yesterday with this phrase. At 15:40 the Bill was passed and it is scheduled to receive Royal Assent later in the week. It will take effect two months from then, meaning that by late June the effects of Vnuk v Zararovalnica and Lewis v Tindale will be removed from motor insurance law in the UK mainland.

For completeness, the EU 27 have also agreed to reform the effect of the line of cases stemming from Vnuk – itself decided back in September 2014 – with amendments to the Directive taking effect in December next year.

After some seven and a half years’ activity on this highly technical topic it is very tempting to agree that it is probably quite enough. Pragmatic law reform, pressed for and welcomed by the insurance and motor sport sectors in particular, is on its way.


Written by Alistair Kinley, Director of Policy and Government Affairs at BLM

Brief update on legislation in NI to remove Vnuk liabilities from motor insurance

UPDATE 2/3/22: The two not-quite matching Motor Vehicles (Compulsory Insurance) Bills continue to progress. The House of Lords’ scrutiny of the Westminster Bill (which applies to England & Wales and Scotland) is due to start on 18 March. Yesterday, shortly before 6pm, the NI legislation passed the formality of its Further Consideration Stage and may well complete its remaining stages before its mainland counterpart is debated in the Lords in a couple of weeks.

FURTHER UPDATE 7/3/22: The Assembly’s Final Stage debate on the Bill this afternoon lasted barely ten minutes. The Bill was duly passed and it will now take effect after it receives Royal Assent. Just to recap, it ends Vnuk-related liabilities in NI and in so doing avoids annual additional cost estimated at £50 per motor insurance policy.


UPDATE ADDED 22/2/22: Update on Motor Vehicles (Compulsory Insurance) Bill (NI version): it passed Consideration stage on 22 February and Further Consideration will be on 1 March. All remaining stages could be taken during March and, if so, this will become law in May, ending Vnuk liabilities in NI.


The Bill was introduced on 7 February 2022 and published here on the same day. Its policy aims are the same as legislation in Westminster (i.e. to re-set the scope of compulsory motor insurance to that in operation before the Vnuk decision). The NI Bill was back before the Assembly this morning, where Members agreed that it should proceed via Accelerated Passage (AP), a process which requires cross-community support.

The Bill’s second stage debate was also taken and agreed this morning. It now proceeds directly to consideration stage next week – AP means that the Committee stage is bypassed – and looks increasingly likely to be completed within the limited time that remains of the Assembly’s current mandate (given the elections scheduled in early May).


Written by Alistair Kinley at BLM (Alistair.Kinley@blmlaw.com)

Automated Vehicles: Law Commission proposes ‘wrap up’ event on AVs in mid-March 2022

On 1 February we posted our short summary of the latest recommendations on automated driving via a link at the end of this update. We’re now working on releasing a series of short vlogs covering particular aspects of the new legal regime set out by the Law Commission (including: pre-market regulation, type approval, access to vehicle data and both civil liability and criminal offences).

The Commission itself has just issued an email to stakeholders asking for views on holding “a more general gathering in mid-March (virtual and/or in-person) to mark the end of the project … in conjunction with colleagues at the Centre for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CCAV) and broader DfT teams working in automated vehicle policy.”

Given that it has been nearly a year since the Commission’s final consultation on automated vehicles closed, it seems to us that such an event – to be held during the week of 14 March and likely to be in hybrid format – is both timely and worthwhile. We have already responded to that effect and should you be interested in doing the same by Thursday 17 February please click through to the Law Commission’s online survey here.


Written by Alistair Kinley, Director of Policy and Government Affairs

alistair.kinley@blmlaw.com